Sex differences in Risk of Cardiovascular Disease, Depression and Self-Care Activities in Type 2 Diabetes with Metabolic Syndrome
대사증후군을 동반하는 당뇨병 환자의 심혈관 위험도, 우울과 자가 관리활동 -성별비교-
Sŏngin Kanho Hakhoe chi, 20(1):33-43, 2008
Sŏngin Kanho Hakhoe chi; Journal of Korean Adult Nursing Academic Society; Journal of Korean Academic Society of Adult Nursing; 성인간호학회지
Purpose: This study was to investigate the sex differences in risk of cardiovascular disease(CVD), depression and self-care activities in type 2 diabetes with metabolic syndrome.
Methods: The descriptive correlational design was conducted using a convenient sample. One hundred and twenty-nine diabetic patients with metabolic syndrome were recruited in a university hospital. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, the Pearson correlation coefficient, Students’ t-test, one way ANOVA, and stepwise multiple regression with SPSS/WIN 12.0.
Results: The risk of CVD in diabetic patients with metabolic syndrome indicated a significantly negative correlation to self-care activities and age, and positive correlation to waist_C, SBP, DBP and TG. The metabolic syndrome is associated with an approximate 1.7-fold increase in the relative risk in CVD in diabetic women. The main significant predictors influencing CVD risk of diabetes with metabolic syndrome were age, waist_C, SBP and TG, which explained about 29.7%.
Conclusion: These results indicate that patients with diabetes with metabolic syndrome with a high degree of waist_C, SBP and TG are likely to be high in risk of CVD.
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