A Study on Parents` Drinking Behaviors and the Mental Health of Their Adolescent Offsprings
부모의 문제음주 행위와 청소년 자녀의 정신건강
현, 명선; 남, 경아; 김, 명아
Chŏngsin Kanho Hakhoe chi, 17(4):392-402, 2008
Chŏngsin Kanho Hakhoe chi; Journal of Korean Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing Academic Society; Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing; 정신간호학회지
Purpose: This present study was conducted to investigate the mental health of adolescent offsprings affected by their parent’s drinking behavior.
Method: The subjects were collected by convenient sampling comprised of 317 first grade middle school boys and girls. The instruments of the study were the Korean Version of the Children of Alcoholics Screening Test(CAST-K) originally developed by Jones(1983) and modified for Koreans to classify adolescents according to their parents’ drinking behaviors and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revision(SCL-90-R) originally developed by Derogatis(1977) to assess the mental health of adolescents.
Results: Subjects were classified into three groups; Nondrinking-parents group(40.8%), Social drinking-parents group(34.5%), and Problem drinking-parents group(24.7%). Adolescents whose parents were problem drinkers had significantly higher scores on all the subcategories of SCL-90-R than those whose parents were nondrinkers. Adolescents whose parents were problem drinkers and social drinkers had significantly higher scores on the anxiety sub-scale of SCL-90-R than those whose parents were nondrinkers.
Conclusion:, This study revealed that drinking behaviors of parents affected the mental health of their adolescent offspring. Further studies to exam the long-term effects of parents’ drinking on the offsprings’ health and to develop intervention studies for promoting mental health are suggested.
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