Association of Anger Expression Patterns and Health Status in Health Care Workers
일 의료기관 종사자의 분노표현유형과 건강상태
이, 원희; 강, 덕희; 박, 진희; 김, 수현; 민, 성길; 노, 재훈
Taehan Kanho Hakhoe chi, 36(5):821-828, 2006
Taehan Kanho Hakhoe chi; Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing; 대한간호학회지
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine anger-expression patterns and their association with state and trait anger and physical and psychological health status in health care workers.
Method: Four hundred and forty eight nurses, physicians and technicians from a large medical center completed standardized questionnaires of anger, anger-expression patterns and mood. They also had blood pressure, cholesterol, blood glucose and body mass index measured during their annual physical examinations. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, chi-square and ANOVA.
Results: Subjects showed two major clusters of anger-expression patterns : anger-control and anger-in/out. Subjects with the anger-in/out pattern reported higher state and trait anger and more anxiety, depression and fatigue than subjects with the anger-control pattern. Physical health indicators, however, were not significantly different between the two clusters of anger-expression patterns.
Conclusion: Anger-expression patterns are associated with psychological health status but not with physical health status. Anger-expression patterns, however, need to be examined over time to assess their long-term effects on the physical and psychological health status in future studies.
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