Regulator of G-protein signaling 4 suppresses LPS-induced MUC5AC overproduction in the airway.
Song, KS; Kim, HJ; Kim, K; Lee, JG; Yoon, JH
American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology, 41(1):40-49, 2009
American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology
Mucus overproduction and airway obstruction are common features in airway mucosal inflammation. The mechanism by which LPS induces MUC5AC overexpression, however, has not been fully explored. The aims of this study were twofold: first, to examine the ATP-dependent mechanism by which LPS induces MUC5AC gene expression, and second, to identify specific molecules that could suppress LPS-induced MUC5AC expression at a G-protein-coupled receptor level. Here, we suggest that LPS from Pseudomonas aeruginosa induces MUC5AC overproduction by both an ATP-dependent pathway and an ATP-independent pathway. In addition, we showed that Regulator of G-protein signaling (RGS) 4 plays as a suppressor for ATP-induced MUC5AC expression by interacting with G alpha q in a GTP-dependent manner in vivo. These results give additional insights into the molecular mechanism of negative regulation of mucin overproduction and enhance our understanding of mucus hypersecretion during airway mucosal inflammation.
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