Chʿŏnsik mit alrerugi; Journal of asthma, allergy and clinical immunology; Korean journal of asthma, allergy and clinical immunology; 천식 및 알레르기
Background and objective: There are many differences in common inhalant allergens between countries and regions. We need to determine the major inhalant allergens in this country with geographical characteristics. To observe the major inhalant allergens and establish essential ones for the skin prick test in Korea, a nation-wide multicenter study was performed.
Method: The skin prick tests were performed with the same kits of 43 allergens on 2,554 allergy patients who visited their regional hospitals for one year.
Result: There are significant differences in the sensitization rate to common inhalant allergens among the centers. Twenty three allergens showed >=5% sensitization rate: D. pteronyssinus, D. farinae, Tyrophagus putrescentiae, Tetranychus urticae Panonychus citri, Alternaria alternata, Cladosporium tenuis, cat fur, dog hair, American and German cockroach, tree pollen mixture I, alder, hazed, tree pollen mixture II, birch, beech, oak, plane tree, ragweed, mugwort, hop japanese and chrysanthemum.
Conclusion: We suggest the major allergens such as D. pteronyssinus, D farinae, T. putrescentiae, T. urticae P. citri, outdoor modls, indoor molds, cat fur, dog hair, German and American cockroaches, tree pollens, mugwort and hop Japanese pollen should be included in skin test battery in Korea.
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