Attenuation of the Expression of Fibrogenic Molecules by Transforming Growth Factor-beta1 Antisense in Cultured Rat Mesangial Cells
메산지움 세포에서 Transforming Growth Factor-beta1 Antisense를 이용한 섬유화 물질의 억제
Shin, GT; Kim, H
Taehan Sinjang Hakhoe chi, 22(4):349-357, 2003
Taehan Sinjang Hakhoe chi; The Korean journal of nephrology; 대한신장학회지
BACKGROUND: The diabetic milieu augments the expression of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) in mesangial cells, which, in turn, stimulates the accumulation of extracellular matrix in glomeruli. Accordingly, mesangial cells have been shown to produce increased amount of TGF-beta1 when exposed to high glucose concentrations in vitro. METHODS: In the present study, we examined the effects of antisense TGF-beta1 gene transfer on the expressions of several cytokines implicated in kidney fibrosis. The DNA fragment containing bases -162 to +168 of rat TGF-beta1 sequence was isolated by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) from rat kidney tissue. This PCR product was ligated in the xbaI-KpnI restriction sites of a shuttle vector in forward and reverse orientations and replication defective recombinant adenoviral vectors containing either the sense or antisense TGF-beta1 genes under the control of a cytomegalovirus promoter - rAdTGF beta1S and rAdTGF beta1AS, respectively - were generated. Rat mesangial cells infected with recombinant adenoviruses were grown in normal (NG, 100 mg/dL) or high glucose (HG, 450 mg/dL) media for six days, and mRNA expressions of the monolayers were evaluated by RT-PCR. RESULTS: An adenoviral vector containing the antisense TGF-beta1 gene significantly downregulated the gene expressions of TGF-beta1, collagen, fibronectin and PDGF-B in cultured rat mesangial cells. CONCLUSION: The expression of fibrogenic molecules were significantly attenuated by adenoviral vectors with antisense TGF-beta1, and such results should be confirmed in the future study of animal models of diabetic nephropathy or chronic kidney diseases.
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