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Prevalence of allergic rhinitis and its causative allergens in people in rural area of Cheju Island

Other Title
제주도 농촌지역 주민에서 알레르기성 비염의 유병현황과 원인 항원
Authors
민, 경업; 김, 윤근; 이, 명현; 장, 윤석; 정, 재원; 반, 준우; 이, 병재; 김, 희연; 이, 상록; 손, 지웅; 조, 상헌; 박, 해심; 김, 유영
Citation
Chʿŏnsik mit alrerugi, 19(1):42-49, 1999
Journal Title
Chʿŏnsik mit alrerugi; Journal of asthma, allergy and clinical immunology; Korean journal of asthma, allergy and clinical immunology; 천식 및 알레르기
ISSN
1226-8739
Abstract
Objective : Cross-sectional survey was performed to evaluate prevalence of allergic

rhinitis and its causative allergens in people in rural area of Cheju Island.

Subject and method : A total of 1,236 people with 1,055 children and 181 adults in

rural area of Cheju Island were enrolled in this study. In children, 544 were males and

511 were females, and their mean age was 12.3(ranging from 7 to 16) years. In adults,

78 were males and 103 were females, and their mean age was 50.1(ranging from 18 to

87) years. Evaluations included a questionnaire survey, and skin prick test with extracts

of Japanese cedar(Cryptomera Japonica, J cedar) pollen and citrus red mite(Panonychus

citri, CRM) as well as eleven common inhalant allergens.

Results : Prevalence of chronic nasal symptoms was 40.6%(429/1,055) in children, and

45.8%(83/181) in adults. Prevalence of allergic rhinitis based on positive nasal symptoms

on the questionnaire and positive skin response to one of more of the 13 inhalant

allergens were 15.4%(159/1.035) in children, and 19.3%(35/181) in adults. Of 1,035

children, skin-test response was positive in 37.6%, and common sensitizing allergens in

odder of decreasing frequency were Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus(DP)(26.6%), D.

farinae (DF)(22.6% ), CRM(14.2%), cockroach(11.3%) and J cedar(9.7%). Of 181 adults,

skin-test response was positive in 25.9%, and the most common sensitizing allergen was

CRM(16.5%), followed by cockroach(11.0%), DP(9.9%), DF(9.4%), and J cedar(6.6%). Of

159 children with allergic rhinitis, the common sensitizing allergens in odder of

decreasing frequency were DP(79.2%), DF(67.3%), CRM(35.8%), J cedar(32.7% ), and

cockroach(27.0% ). Of 35 adults with allergic rhinitis, the most common sensitizing

allergen was CRM(68.6%), followed by DP(40%), DF(34.3%), cockroach(34.3%), and J

cedar(28.9%).

Conclusion : Allergic rhinitis is a very common disease with a prevalence of 15.4% in

children and 19.3% in adults in rural area of Cheju island, and common sensitizing

allergens include house dust mite, citrus red mite, cockroach, and Japanese cedar pollen.
Keywords
Allergic rhiuitisCheju Islandcitrus red miteJapanese cedar pollen
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Allergy
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