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Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss Caused by Noise Exposure to Intense Sound

Other Title
강력한 소음의 노출로 인해 발생한 것으로 추정되는 돌발성 난청 2례
Authors
김, 규상; 김, 진숙; 박, 기현
Citation
Taehan Sanŏp Ŭihakhoe chi, 10(4):618-626, 1998
Journal Title
Taehan Sanŏp Ŭihakhoe chi; 대한산업의학회지
ISSN
1225-3618
Abstract
Sudden deafness may be defined as a sensorineural hearing loss that develope over a period of hours or a few days. The severity of the hearing loss may vary from mild to total loss of perception of the most intense sound. The loss of hearing may be

permanent, or the hearing may spontaneously return to normal or near normal. Proposed

explanations for sudden idiopathic sensorineural loss revolve primarily around viral or vascular etiologies.

In addition to noise-induced deafness, which can be divided into a slowly progressive

deafness caused by prolonged intense noise exposure and acute acoustic trauma caused

by a single exposure to very intense sound.

45- and 52-year-old healthy male smokers with no previous otologic history, noted the

acute loss of hearing with tinnitus in his right ear during his unusual intense noise

exposed activities. There were no other associated symptoms of dizziness or visual

change. After several days without improvement, they presented to the department of otolaryngology. Physical examination, neurologic evaluation, and otorhinolaryngologic examination were essentially within normal limits except for the hearing loss on the right ear. An audiogram revealed a severe primarily sensorineural sensitivity loss on the

right. Routine laboratory studies were within normal limits. Two patients denied

previous barotrauma, atypical or unusual drug usage, and unusual physical exertion or

strain. We observed evidence of cochlear abnormality. The presence of cochlear

dysfunction is supported by acoustic reflex threshold and auditory brain-stem response.

These findings strengthened the probability of an acoustic trauma origin for the sudden

sensorineural hearing loss.
Keywords
Sudden hearing lossIntense sound
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Otolaryngology
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