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Age-dependent association of the polymorphisms in the mitochondria-shaping gene, OPA1, with blood pressure and hypertension in Korean population.

Jin, HS; Sober, S; Hong, KW; Org, E; Kim, BY; Laan, B; Jeong, SY
American journal of hypertension, 24(10):1127-1135, 2011
Journal Title
American journal of hypertension
BACKGROUND: Essential hypertension is associated with mitochondrial dysfunction. Because mitochondrial dynamics; mitochondrial morphological changes are closely linked with various mitochondrial functions, we aimed to examine whether the genetic variation of the mitochondria-shaping genes influenced the susceptibility to blood pressure (BP) and hypertension.

METHODS: The quantitative BP trait analysis and hypertension case-control analysis for the total 52 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the five major mitochondria-shaping genes were performed in the Korean Association Resource (KARE) study cohort (8,512 subjects).

RESULTS: In the total subjects of the KARE study cohort, there were no statistically significant associations of the SNPs in the five mitochondria-shaping genes with BP or hypertension after adjusting for multiple tests. However, the age group analysis in the 40s, 50s, and 60s age subgroups revealed that 15 SNPs out of 26 SNPs genotyped in the OPA1 gene were significantly associated with BP and/or hypertension in the 60s age subgroup and their association P values satisfied the Bonferroni-corrected significance level (P < 0.00625). Noticeably, nine SNPs were consistently associated with all the three traits; systolic BP (SBP), diastolic BP (DBP), and hypertension. In silico lookup of the associated SNPs in the Southern German population did not reveal associations with BP traits.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that genetic variation of the mitochondrial fusion-regulating gene, OPA1, might be associated with BP and hypertension in an age-dependent and population-specific manner in the Korean study cohort, and suggest that altered mitochondrial dynamics, especially involved in the mitochondrial fusion event, may play an important role in the pathogenesis of hypertension.
MeSH terms
AdultAge FactorsAgedAsian Continental Ancestry Group/*genetics*Blood PressureCalcium/metabolismFemaleGTP Phosphohydrolases/*geneticsGenotypeHumansHypertension/*geneticsMaleMiddle Aged*Polymorphism, Single NucleotideReactive Oxygen Species
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Medical Genetics
AJOU Authors
진, 현석정, 선용
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