Histologic assessment of the biological effects after speedy surgical orthodontics in a beagle animal model: a preliminary study.
Kim, HS; Lee, YJ; Park, YG; Chung, KR; Kang, YG; Choo, H; Kim, SH
Korean journal of orthodontics, 41(5):361-370, 2011
Korean journal of orthodontics
OBJECTIVE: Speedy surgical orthodontics (SSO), an innovative orthodontic treatment, involves the application of orthopedic forces against temporary skeletal anchorage devices following perisegmental corticotomy to induce movement of specific dental segments. Herein, we report the biological effects of SSO on the teeth and periodontal structures. METHODS: Five beagle dogs were divided into 2 groups and their 6 maxillary incisors were retracted en masse by applying 500 g orthopedic force against a single palatal mini-plate. Retraction was performed without and with perisegmental corticotomy in groups I and II, respectively. All animals were killed on the 70th day, and their periodontal structures were processed for histologic analyses and scanning electronic microscopy (SEM). The linear distance between the third maxillary incisor and canine was used as a benchmark to quantify the retraction amount. RESULTS: Retraction was markedly faster and retraction amount greater in group II than in Group I. Surprisingly, Group II did not show any root resorption despite extensive retraction, while Group I showed prominent root surface irregularities. Similarly, SEM showed multiple resorption lacunae in Group I, but not in Group II. CONCLUSIONS: SSO is an effective and favorable orthodontic approach for major en masse retraction of the maxillary anterior teeth.
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