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The efficiency of intratympanic dexamethasone injection as a sequential treatment after initial systemic steroid therapy for sudden sensorineural hearing loss.

Authors
Lee, JB; Choi, SJ; Park, K; Park, HY; Choo, OS; Choung, YH
Citation
European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, 268(6):833-839, 2011
Journal Title
European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
ISSN
0937-44771434-4726
Abstract
The effect of intratympanic steroid injection is controversial as salvage or initial treatment option for sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) and almost unknown if it is consecutively to use after initial systemic steroids. This study aimed to analyze the efficiency of intratympanic dexamethasone injection (ITDI) as a sequential treatment in the patients who failed initial systemic steroid treatments for SSNHL. Forty-six patients with SSNHL who did not respond to initial systemic steroids were prospectively included in the study. The patients were randomly classified into two groups; the ITDI group (21 patients) did not take four sequential ITDI within 2 weeks after systemic steroids, and the control group (25 patients) took any more medications. Hearing improvement was defined as a 10 dB or more decrease in the pure tone average (PTA) of the four-frequencies (0.5, 1, 2, and 3 kHz). Hearing improvement was observed in 10 (47.6%) of 21 ITDI patients and in 4 (16.0%) of 25 control patients (P = 0.027). An improvement of the mean PTA was 11.4 dB in the ITDI group and 1.7 dB in the control group (P = 0.004). The ITDI group showed significant hearing improvement at low frequency (500 Hz) than the control group. The patients with 70 or more dB in PTA before ITDI showed significant hearing improvement than the other patients with better PTAs (P = 0.038). The sequential ITDI, which is performed immediately after initial systemic steroid therapy, may be a simple, effective second-line treatment of choice for the patients who show poor response to initial treatments for SSNHL.
MeSH terms
Administration, OralAdultAudiometry, Pure-ToneDexamethasone/*administration & dosageDose-Response Relationship, DrugFemaleFollow-Up StudiesGlucocorticoids/*administration & dosageHearing/physiologyHearing Loss, Sensorineural/diagnosis/*drug therapy/physiopathologyHearing Loss, Sudden/diagnosis/*drug therapy/physiopathologyHumansInjectionsMaleMiddle AgedProspective StudiesTreatment OutcomeTympanic Membrane
DOI
10.1007/s00405-010-1476-8
PMID
21221620
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Otolaryngology
AJOU Authors
박, 기현박, 헌이정, 연훈
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