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Val/Val genotype of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) Val⁶⁶Met polymorphism is associated with a better response to OROS-MPH in Korean ADHD children.

Authors
Kim, BN; Cummins, TD; Kim, JW; Bellgrove, MA; Hong, SB; Song, SH; Shin, MS; Cho, SC; Kim, JH; Son, JW; Shin, YM; Chung, US; Han, DH
Citation
The international journal of neuropsychopharmacology, 14(10):1399-1410, 2011
Journal Title
The international journal of neuropsychopharmacology
ISSN
1461-14571469-5111
Abstract
Research on psychostimulants, analysis of animal models and genetic association studies all suggest that the brain-derived neurotrophic factor gene (BDNF) may be a good candidate for pharmacogenetic studies of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Yet to date there have been no pharmacogenetic studies of BDNF in ADHD. A total of 102 drug-naive ADHD children (8.7±2.1 yr) were treated with osmotic release oral system-methylphenidate (OROS-MPH) for 12 wk, and four kinds of response criteria were applied, based first, on a combined threshold of the ADHD Rating Scale - IV (ARS) and the Clinical Global Impression - Improvement scale (CGI-I); second, on scores of 1 or 2 vs. 3-7 on the CGI - Severity scale; third, on a >50% reduction in ARS scores; and fourth, on satisfaction of all of the aforementioned criteria. The Val⁶⁶Met polymorphism of BDNF and six single nucleotide polymorphisms from the SLC6A2, ADRA2A and NTF-3 genes were tested for association with each criterion. Relative to other genotypes, homozygosity for the Val allele of the BDNF Val⁶⁶Met polymorphism was associated with a greater relative frequency of good response under all four response criteria (after controlling for baseline ARS score, age, gender, final dose (mg/kg) of OROS-MPH at 12 wk, and level of academic functioning). This association was significant at the uncorrected level for the first and third response criteria (p=0.013 and p=0.018, respectively) and significant at a Bonferroni-corrected level for the second and fourth response criteria (p=0.0002, p=0.0003, respectively). Our findings support an association between homozygosity for the Val allele of BDNF and better response to OROS-MPH in Korean ADHD children as assessed by four different response criteria.
DOI
10.1017/S146114571100099X
PMID
21733227
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Psychiatry & Behavioural Sciences
AJOU Authors
신, 윤미
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