General perioperative management of gastric cancer patients at high-volume centers.
Ahn, HS; Yook, JH; Park, CH; Park, YK; Yu, W; Lee, MS; Han, SU; Ryu, KW; Sohn, TS; Kim, HH; Choi, SH; Noh, SH; Hiki, N; Sano, T; Yang, HK
Gastric cancer : official journal of the International Gastric Cancer Association and the Japanese Gastric Cancer Association, 14(2):178-182, 2011
Gastric cancer : official journal of the International Gastric Cancer Association and the Japanese Gastric Cancer Association
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer is very common in Korea and Japan, where many hospitals annually perform high numbers of gastrectomies for gastric cancer. The aim of this study was to compare the general management of gastric cancer in high-volume centers in Korea and Japan.
METHODS: We undertook a survey of the general management of gastric cancer at high-volume centers (over 200 cases/year) and analyzed the answers.
RESULTS: In six of 14 hospitals surveyed, antimicrobial prophylaxis for elective gastrectomy was administered until postoperative day 3. A Levin tube and an abdominal drain were routinely inserted in seven and ten hospitals, respectively. Laboratory tests, such as complete blood cell count, liver function test, electrolytes, and blood urea nitrogen/creatinine were performed frequently on postoperative days 1, 2, 3, and 5. Sips of water after open distal gastrectomy were restarted up to postoperative day 3 in twelve hospitals. The surgical pathology was reported up to postoperative day 10 in thirteen hospitals. Twelve hospitals provided a regular patient education program and only one hospital provided an integrated education program which included the participation of a surgeon, an oncologist, a nurse, and a nutritionist.
CONCLUSIONS: The general management of gastric cancer in 14 high-volume centers was not so different among the centers. The general management protocols noted here are expected to provide useful information for perioperative care.
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