Role of IRAK1 on TNF-induced proliferation and NF-ĸB activation in human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells
Kim, JM; Cho, HH; Lee, SY; Hong, CP; Yang, Jw; Kim, YS; Suh, KT; Jung, JS
Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology, 30(1):49-60, 2012
Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology
In this study, we determined the effect of TNF-α on hBMSCs proliferation as well as the role of IL-1 receptor-associated kinase 1 (IRAK1) on TNF-α signaling. Western blot analysis revealed that TNF-α treatment increased the phosphorylation of IRAK1 in hBMSCs. The downregulation of IRAK1 inhibited TNF-α-induced NF-ĸB activation and COX-2 expression. TNF-α treatment increased hBMSCs proliferation in a dose-dependent manner and increased ERK, JNK, and NF-ĸB activity. U0126, an ERK inhibitor, decreased hBMSCs proliferation and significantly blocked TNF-α -induced hBMSCs proliferation. In cells with IRAK1 or TRADD downregulation, the U0126 treatment inhibited hBMSCs proliferation and significantly suppressed TNF-α-induced hBMSCs proliferation. The downregulation of IRAK1 or TRADD inhibited TNF-α-induced ERK and JNK activation, and hBMSCs proliferation. Inhibition of NF-ĸB by decoy oligonucleotides reduced the TNF-α-induced hBMSCs proliferation. Immunoprecipitation analysis showed that IRAK1 does not physically interact with TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1) even in the presence of TNF-α. Suppression of IRAK1 binding protein (IRAK1BP1) inhibited TNF-α-induced increase of the proliferation and ERK1 phosphorylation of hBMSCs in the presence of TNF-α. Our data indicate that TNF-α modulates hBMSCs proliferation through ERK signaling pathways, and that IRAK1 plays an important role in TNF-α-induced NF-ĸB activation in hBMSCs.
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