Usefulness of dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI in differentiating between septic arthritis and transient synovitis in the hip joint
Kim, EY; Kwack, KS; Cho, JH; Lee, DH; Yoon, SH
AJR. American journal of roentgenology, 198(2):428-433, 2012
AJR. American journal of roentgenology
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to show the usefulness of dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) and to determine the optimal time window in MRI for differentiating between septic arthritis and transient synovitis in painful hip joints.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen patients who underwent DCE-MRI were enrolled, and the final diagnoses were septic arthritis (n = 7) and transient synovitis (n = 11). The enhancement patterns of DCE-MRI were dichotomized according to the shape of the time-signal intensity curves. The time at the maximal difference in the signal intensity between two time-signal intensity curves of both femoral heads was recorded. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy were calculated. Receiver operating characteristic curves were calculated.
RESULTS: Six of seven patients with septic arthritis in the hip joint had decreased enhancement during the early phase of DCE-MRI. The enhancement difference between the two patient groups was statistically significant (p = 0.0498). The time at the maximal difference in the signal intensity between two time-signal intensity curves of both femoral heads was approximately 3.5 minutes. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for predicting septic arthritis was 0.792.
CONCLUSION: DCE-MRI is useful in differentiating between septic hip arthritis and transient synovitis. If static contrast-enhanced coronal MRI is used, the optimal time for the acquisition of contrast-enhanced coronal MRI is approximately 3.5 minutes.
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.
Total Visit :2,781,515
Total Download :1,134,982
Today View :808
Ajou University Medical Information & Media Center 164 Worldcup-ro Yeongtong-gu Suwon 16499 Korea / TEL : 031-219-5312 / FAX : 031-219-5314 Copyright (c) Ajou University Medical Information & Media Center All Rights Reserved. AJOU Open Repository는 국립중앙도서관 OAK 보급사업으로 구축되었습니다.