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Management of blunt pancreatic injury by applying the principles of damage control surgery: experience at a single institution

Authors
Lee, KJ; Kwon, J; Kim, J; Jung, K
Citation
Hepato-gastroenterology, 59(118):1970-1975, 2012
Journal Title
Hepato-gastroenterology
ISSN
0172-6390
Abstract
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study analyzes the outcomes of treatment for blunt pancreatic injuries by applying the principles of damage control surgery and discusses the management of those injuries.



METHODOLOGY: Medical records of the patients who received surgical treatment for blunt pancreatic injury during the last 30 months were investigated retrospectively.



RESULTS: A total of 23 patients were confirmed to have pancreatic injury in laparotomy during the investigation period. Based on the final surgical findings, 3 patients were classified into grade I, 9 into grade II, 7 into grade III, 2 into grade IV, and 2 into grade V by the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma - Organ Injury Scale classification. Damage control surgery was performed for 17 patients (73.9%). As a result, 8 cases of pancreatic complication, such as fistula, pseudocyst or abscess, were observed in 6 patients (26.1%). Three patients died with a mortality rate of 13.0%. The causes of death were hemorrhage in other organs and multiple organ failure.



CONCLUSIONS: For a good prognosis, the first operation time after injury should be decreased and surgical technique should be simplified by damage control surgery to reduce complications as well as to prevent exacerbation of the general condition in patients with major pancreatic injury.
MeSH terms
Abdominal Injuries/diagnosis/mortality/*surgeryAdolescentAdultAged*Drainage/adverse effects/mortalityFemaleHead Injuries, Closed/diagnosis/mortality/*surgeryHumansInjury Severity ScoreMaleMiddle AgedPancreas/*injuries/*surgery*Pancreatectomy/adverse effects/mortalityRepublic of KoreaRetrospective StudiesTreatment Outcome
DOI
10.5754/hge11808
PMID
22172410
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Surgery
AJOU Authors
이, 국종권, 준식정, 경원
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