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A case of Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome.

Authors
Kim, EH; Jeong, SY; Kim, HJ; Kim, YC
Citation
Journal of Korean medical science, 23(2):332-335, 2008
Journal Title
Journal of Korean medical science
ISSN
1011-89341598-6357
Abstract
Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHDS) is an autosomal dominant genodermatosis characterized by cutaneous hair follicle tumors (fibrofolliculoma or trichodiscoma), pulmonary cysts, and increased risk of renal neoplasia. The genetic alteration for BHDS has been mapped to chromosome 17p12q11, and the gene in this region has been cloned and believed to be responsible for the BHDS. Mutations in the BHD gene (also known as FLCN) have been described in the patients with BHDS. We present a case of a 30-yr-old Korean woman with multiple mildly pruritic papules on her face and neck area. The patient had several firm, flesh-colored, dome-shaped, papular lesions measuring between 2 to 5 mm. Except for a history of pneumothorax her medical records were not remarkable. Mutation analysis of the BHD gene was performed, and a novel deletion mutation (p.F519LfsX17 [c.1557delT]) causing truncation of the gene product, folliculin, was found in the exon 14. The actual incidence of BHDS is unknown, but it is most likely underdiagnosed. So it is imperative that doctors recognize the skin lesions of BHDS and institute proper screening to detect other manifestations of the disease. Here, we report a case of BHDS with a novel mutation, which is the first report in Korea.
MeSH terms
AdultBiopsyDNA Mutational AnalysisDiagnosis, DifferentialEstrone/biosynthesisExonsFemaleGene DeletionGenetic Predisposition to DiseaseHumansKidney Neoplasms/geneticsModels, GeneticMutationSkin Diseases/diagnosisSkin Diseases/genetics*Syndrome
DOI
10.3346/jkms.2008.23.2.332
PMID
18437022
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Dermatology
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Medical Genetics
AJOU Authors
정, 선용김, 현주김, 유찬
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