The Effects of Respiratory Rehabilitation Training on Respiratory Functions of Cervical Spinal Cord Injury Patients
호흡재활훈련이 경수손상환자의 호흡기능에 미치는 효과
Cho, NO; Park, SW; Kim, KS; Kim, SO; Kim, I; Park, SJ; Park, JW; Yoo, KH
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, 10(2):108-115, 2007
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing; 재활간호학회지
Purpose: This study was to investigate the effects of respiratory rehabilitation training on the respiratory functions of hospitalized cervical spinal cord injury patients.
Methods: One group pre and post test design was used. Subjects were 20 cervical spinal cord injury inpatients of the national rehabilitation center. Training program consisted of air cumulation training, manual assisted coughing training, and abdominal breathing. Trained rehabilitation nurse implemented 20 minutes program twice a day for 4 weeks. Respiratory function was measured as peak coughing flow rate, and perceived respiratory difficulty after activity on wheel chair for 30 minutes and during speaking and singing. Perceived respiratory difficulty was measured with modified Borg scale. Also content analysis was done with the result of open ended question about subjective feeling about training. All variables were measured 3 times before, 2weeks and 4 weeks after the program.
Results: Peak coughing flow rate significantly improved after compared to before training. Also all three perceived respiratory difficulty variables decreased significantly after training. In the content analysis, ‘it's easier to cough up phlegm’ was the most frequent answered subjective feeling. ‘Sound at speaking and coughing became louder’, ‘respiratory volume increased’, and ‘comfortable chest feeling’ were frequent answered subjective feeling, in order.
Conclusion: Although it is preliminary since no control group, respiratory rehabilitation training was found to be effective to improve respiratory function in terms of peak coughing flow rate, perceived respiratory difficulty, and subjective feeling. It is necessary further systemic research to investigate the effects of respiratory rehabilitation training.
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