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The individual and combined neuroprotective effects of propofol and ketamine on rat mixed cortical cultures exposed to oxygen-glucose deprivation-reperfusion injury

Other Title
백서 피질 신경원 혼합배양 모델에서 허혈-재관류 뇌손상에 대한 Propofol, Ketamine 혹은 두약제 혼합투여의 효과
Authors
박, 성용; 서, 명신; 김, 희영; 박, 미현; 최, 정웅; 이, 숙영
Citation
Taehan Mach'ikwa Hakhoe chi, 55(1):72-77, 2008
Journal Title
Taehan Mach'ikwa Hakhoe chi; The Journal of the Korean Society of Anesthesiologists; 대한마취과학회지
ISSN
0302-5780
Abstract
Background: Propofol and ketamine are have been known to have neuroprotective effects. However, the effect of combined therapy with these 2 drugs is not well known with in vitro model. This study was conducted to determine whether combined administration of propofol and ketamine could have additive effects in protecting cortical neurons from the oxygen-glucose deprivation (ischemia) - reoxygenation (reperfusion) injury.



Methods: Thirteen-day-old primary mixed cortical cultures were exposed to a 5-min combined oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD, in vitro ischemia model), followed by 2 hr of reperfusion. Propofol (1, 10, 25, 50, 100?M) and ketamine (1, 2.5, 5, 10, 50?M) were added as alone or combination from the initiation of the OGD injury to the end of the reperfusion periods. The survived cells were counted using trypan-blue staining. The data were converted to the cell death rate. Statistical analysis was done by oneway-ANOVA tests and Bonferroni’s test. P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant.



Results: OGD-reperfusion demonstrated about a 70% cell death rate. 5?50?M of ketamine decreased the cell death rate compared with the no drug treated group (P < 0.05). 10?100?M of propofol decreased the cell death rate compared with the no drug treated group (P < 0.05). Combined administration of ketamine 2.5?M + propofol 50, 100?M, ketamine 10?M + propofol 100?M and propofol 1, 10?M + ketamine 5, 10?M decreased cell death rate compared with the same dosage of propofol or ketamine alone treated group (P < 0.05).



Conclusions: Propofol or ketamine demonstrated neuroprotective effects. And, combined administration ofpropofol and ketamine demonstrated additive neuroprotective effects against OGD-reperfusion injury.
Keywords
ischemia-reperfusion injuryketaminepropofol
DOI
10.4097/kjae.2008.55.1.72
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine
AJOU Authors
박, 성용이, 숙영
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