Osteoma is a slow growing benign osteogenic lesion characterized by proliferation of compact or cancellous bone. Osteomas may be classified as peripheral, central, or extraskeletal. Central osteoma arise from the endosteum, pheripheral osteoma from the periosteum, and extraskeletal soft tissue osteoma within a muscle. Peripheral osteoma of the mandible is uncommon. They manifest as asymptomatic, fixed tumors of bony-hard consistency that may be sessile or pedunculated. Radiographically, a well circumscribed round or oval radiopaque mass is seen. Here, we report a case of a huge solitary peripheral osteoma of the buccal posterior mandible in a 40-year-old woman who was otherwise in good health. The patient visited at the dental clinic because the lesion makes esthetic problem. Treatment was performed by surgical esthetic recontouring and histological examination. The patient remains free of recurrence after surgical esthetic recontouring operation
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