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Clinical Experience with Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy as a Method of Extracorporeal Elimination and as performed by Emergency Room Physicians for Patients with Poisoning

Other Title
체외제거가 필요한 중독환자에서 응급의학과 의사에 의해 시행된 지속적신대체요법에 대한 임상적 고찰
Authors
안, 정환; 최, 상천; 정, 윤석; 민, 영기
Citation
Taehan Imsang Doksŏng Hakhoe chi, 7(2):150-155, 2009
Journal Title
Taehan Imsang Doksŏng Hakhoe chi; Journal of the Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology; 대한임상독성학회지
ISSN
1738-1320
Abstract
Purpose: Extracorporeal elimination of drugs is a critical part of managing poisonings, although the indications and optimal method remain a matter of debate. The aim of this study is to report our clinical experiences with continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT), as performed by emergency room physicians, as method of extracorporeal drug elimination in patients with poisoning.



Methods: This study was a retrospective study of the consecutive patients who underwent CRRT, as performed by an emergency room physician, for acute poisoning. The patient characteristics, the kinds of drugs and the method of extracorporeal elimination were analyzed by reviewing the patients’ charts.



Results: During eleven months, 26 patients with acute poisoning underwent extracorporeal elimination (2 patients; intermittent hemodialysis, 24 patients; CRRT). The mean time from the decision to performing extracorporeal elimination was minutes for intermittent hemodialysis, minutes for continuous venoveno-hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF) and minutes for charcoal hemoperfusion. For the patients with CRRT, CVVHDF was conducted in 10 patients (3 patients; valproic acid, 2 patients; Lithium, 1 patient; salicylates, 1 patient; methanol) and charcoal hemoperfusion by using CRRT was done in 14 patients (13 patients; paraquat, 1 patient; dapsone). For the 12 patients who required hemodialysis due to severe poisoning, 7 patients underwent CRRT because of their unstable vital signs.



Conclusion: CRRT was an effective method of extracorporeal drug elimination in patients with acute poisoning, and especially for the cases with unstable vital sign and for those patients who required an early start of extracorporeal elimination according to the characteristics of the drug. (ED note: the writing of the abstract was not clear. Check it carefully.)
Keywords
Continuous renal replacement therapyExtracorporeal eliminationPoisoning
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Emergency Medicine
AJOU Authors
안, 정환최, 상천정, 윤석민, 영기
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