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Clinical Characteristics of Acute Brain Swelling in Patients Successfully Resuscitated from Non-traumatic Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest

Other Title
성공적으로 소생된 병원 외 비외상성심정지 환자에서 발생하는 뇌부종의 임상적 특징
Authors
류, 원현; 이, 영주; 박, 은정; 정, 윤석; 민, 영기
Citation
Taehan Chunghwanja Ŭihakhoe chi, 25(4):219-233, 2010
Journal Title
Taehan Chunghwanja Ŭihakhoe chi; Korean journal of critical care medicine; 대한중환자의학회지
ISSN
1229-48022234-3261
Abstract
Background: The number of cardiac arrest patients who are resuscitated has increased with the development of emergency medical services. Brain swelling is often found in these patients, following return of spontaneous circulation. This study identifies risk factors for brain swelling, describes it’s frequency, analyzes the effect of brain swelling on neurological outcome, and compares the results with other studies.



Methods: A retrospective analysis had been conducted on cardiac arrest patients who visited the emergency room at a university hospital during a 24 month period since 2007. Thirty-seven successfully resuscitated patients were divided into 2 groups based on computed tomography findings; these groups consisted of 14 patients with brain swelling and 23 patients without brain swelling. Comparative studies were conducted on post-lab findings and several additional factors.



Results: The 14 patients with brain swelling were significantly younger and showed a higher clinical performance category score than patients without brain swelling. Initial serum lactic acid levels showed good correlation with brain swelling.



Conclusions: An urgent CT should be conducted and aggressive treatment pursued when brain swelling is suspected, after consideration of various prognostic factors.
Keywords
brain swellingcardiac arrestLactic acid
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Emergency Medicine
AJOU Authors
이, 영주박, 은정정, 윤석민, 영기
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