Relationship between Mental Activity and Cognitive Function in Community-Dwelling Elderly
지역사회 노인의 인지기능과 정신적 활동의 연관성
여, 현철; 고, 상현; 이, 윤환; 백, 종환; 임, 기영; 김, 현정; 홍, 창형
Noin chŏngsin ŭihak, 15(1):19-24, 2011
Noin chŏngsin ŭihak; Journal of Korean geriatric psychiatry; 노인정신의학
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to describe the status of mental activity participation in community-dwelling elderly and to evaluate the association between mental activity and cognitive function after adjustment for depression and anxiety.
Methods: This study was based on the Suwon Project, which was a cohort comprising of nonrandom convenience samples of ethnic Koreans aged 60 years and above. All the subjects completed the study questionnaire including their demographic characteristics, current and past illnesses history, drug history, Korean version-Mini Mental State Examination (K-MMSE), Korean version of Short Form Geriatric Depression Scale (SGDS-K), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). We checked how many hours per day are used for each items of 11 mental activities through the checklist.
Results: Total time spent in 11 mental activities was 237.4±152.4 minutes per day. On multiple regression analysis, total time spent in 11 mental activities (MA-total), and time spent by watching television and reading book/newspaper showed statistically significant association with K-MMSE score after adjustment with age, sex, education, chronic medical illness, depression and anxiety.
Conclusion: Our result suggested that mental activity may be associated with cognitive function in the elderly without cognitive impairment in the community after adjusting age, sex, education, chronic medical illness, depression and anxiety.
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