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Safety and Efficacy of the Early Introduction of Everolimus (Certican(R)) with Low Dose of Cyclosporine in de Novo Kidney Recipients after 1 Month of Transplantation (Preliminary Results)

Other Title
신장이식 1개월 이후 Everolimus (Certican(R)) 및 저용량 Cyclosporine 면역억제 요법의 유효성 및 안전성을 평가하기 위한 공개, 비교, 평행, 다기관 임상연구중간 연구 보고
Authors
오, 창권; 하, 종원; 김, 영훈; 김, 용림; 김, 유선
Citation
Taehan Isik Hakhoe chi, 26(2):83-91, 2012
Journal Title
Taehan Isik Hakhoe chi; The journal of the Korean Transplantation Society; Journal of the Korean Society for Transplantation; 대한이식학회지
ISSN
1598-1711
Abstract
Background: Everolimus and cyclosporine (CsA) exhibit synergistic immunosuppressive activity when used in

combination. We analyzed preliminary data about the use of everolimus with a CsA-sparing strategy in de novo renal transplant recipients.



Methods: A comparative, parallel, randomized, open-label, 1 year study has been performed in 117 patients from 5 transplant centers to compare the efficacy and tolerability of everolimus (EVE)+reduced-dose CsA or enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium (Myfortic)+standard-dose CsA in combination with basiliximab and steroids. It ended on August 24, 2011. Efficacy failure (biopsy-proven acute rejection, death, graft loss, or loss to follow-up), safety, and renal function were evaluated at 1, 3, 5, and 12 months post-transplantation.



Results: Efficacy failure was comparable between the two groups. Only one graft loss has been reported in the control group and no patient death reported in either group. There was no significant difference in the incidence of biopsy-proven acute rejection until 3 and 5 month post-transplantation (P>0.05). The mean e-GFR of the group of EVE+reduced-dose CsA was significantly higher than that of the control group at 3 (65.6±16.9 mL/mim/1.73 m2 vs. 56.7±14.4 mL/mim/1.73 m2; P=0.007) and 5 (68.6±18.8 mL/mim/1.73 m2 vs. 58.1±16.2 mL/mim/1.73 m2; P=0.009) months. There was no significant difference in the incidence of discontinuations and serious adverse events between the groups (P>0.05).



Conclusions: The regimen of EVE+reduced-dose CsA seems to be tolerated well, with comparable efficacy failure and better renal function than enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium+standard-dose CsA.
Keywords
신장이식면역억제이식편거부반응EverolimusKidney transplantationImmunosuppressionGraft rejection
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Surgery
AJOU Authors
오, 창권
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