Journal of minimally invasive surgery, 15(4):106-113, 2012
Journal of minimally invasive surgery; 대한내시경복강경외과학회지
Purpose: The treatment of choice for gastric submucosal tumors (SMT) is surgical resection. Recent advanced techniques has facilitated more extensive application of laparoscopic surgery to most types of resectable gastric SMTs. The aim of this study was to verify the efficacy of laparoscopic resection for treatment of gastric SMT through analysis of outcomes obtained at a single center. Methods: A total of 141 patients who underwent laparoscopic resection for treatment of gastric SMT were enrolled between April 2003 and June 2011. Analysis of the demographics, tumor characteristics, and surgical or oncological outcomes of these patients was performed. Results: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) were the most common pathologic findings (90 cases), and the upper third of the stomach was the most common location (70 cases). Wedge resections were performed in 128 patients and major gastrectomies were performed in 13 patients. The mean surgical time was 102 minutes, which was reduced to a stable 70 minutes after the 30th case. The surgical time for tumors located on the posterior or lesser portion of the upper third of the stomach was longer than that for other lesions. Twelve postoperative complications, including two cases of intra-abdominal bleeding, one case of marginal ulcer bleeding, and one case of leakage occurred. However, there was no occurrence of complications after the 70th case. During the follow-up period, two patients suffered recurrent GIST. Conclusion: Laparoscopic surgery for treatment of gastric SMT is safe and feasible, particularly as the surgeon develops greater skill with increased experience. Laparoscopic resection is useful for treatment of any type of gastric SMT.
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