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The Efficacy and Safety of a Combined Alendronate and Calcitriol Agent (Maxmarvil): A Postmarketing Surveillance Study in Korean Postmenopausal Women with Osteoporosis

Authors
Suh, HW; Kim, HO; Kim, YS; Sunwoo, S; Lee, JA; Lee, HR; Kim, B; Kim, DH; Choi, YS; Cheong, YS; Yum, K; Yang, YJ; Yu, BY; Cho, CH; Park, SB; Shin, DH; Korean Post-Marketing Surveillance Research Group
Citation
Korean Journal of Family Medicine, 33(6):346-355, 2012
Journal Title
Korean Journal of Family Medicine; 가정의학회지
ISSN
2005-64432092-6715
Abstract
Background: Combined therapy with alendronate and calcitriol may have additive effects on bone density. An observational study was performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Maxmarvil, a combinative agent of alendronate (5 mg) and calcitriol (0.5 ?g), and to identify factors associated with efficacy.



Methods: A total of 568 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis were enrolled by family physicians in 12 hospitals. The study subjects took Maxmarvil daily for 12 months. Questionnaires about baseline characteristics, socioeconomic status, and daily calcium intake were completed at the first visit. Adverse events were recorded every 3 months and bone mineral density (BMD) in the lumbar spine was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at baseline and after 12 months. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of Maxmarvil, and the factors related to BMD improvement.



Results: A total of 370 patients were included in final analysis. The median BMD was 0.81 ± 0.12 g/cm2 at pre-treatment and 0.84 ± 0.13 g/cm2 after one year. The average BMD improvement was 3.4% ± 6.4% (P < 0.05), and 167 (45.1%) patients showed improvement. Factors associated with improved BMD were continuation of treatment (odds ratio [OR], 2.41; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.15 to 5.07) and good compliance (OR, 2.54; 95% CI, 1.29 to 5.00). Adverse events were reported by 35 of the 568 patients, with the most common being abdominal pain and dyspepsia.



Conclusion: Maxmarvil was found to be safe, well tolerated and effective in osteoporosis treatment. Continuation of treatment and good compliance were the factors associated with efficacy.
Keywords
AlendronateCalcitriolMaxmarvilPostmenopausal Osteoporosis
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Family Practice & Community Health
AJOU Authors
박, 샛별
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