Relevance of interleukin-10RB to chronic hepatitis B virus infection and biological activities of interferon-λ and interleukin-22.
Cho, O; Cheong, JY; Jun, KJ; Kim, SS; Chwae, YJ; Kim, K; Park, S; Cho, SW
Hepatology international, 7(1):111-118, 2013
PURPOSE: The association of a single nucleotide polymorphism of interleukin (IL)-10RB codon 47 with the chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection has been reported in two ethnic populations with different results, but not in a Korean population. IL-10RB is a subunit of receptor complexes for interferon-lambda (IFN-λ) and IL-22, which have antiviral and hepatocyte-protective activity, respectively. This study examined the association of IL-10RB K47E with the outcomes of HBV infection in Korean subjects and the cellular response to these cytokines.
METHODS: Genotypes of IL-10RB and the outcomes of HBV infection were analyzed in 1,000 Korean patients. The effect of IFN-λ or IL-22 on HBV replication and cell viability was assessed in hepatoma cells expressing IL-10RB K47 or E47. The transcript level of IL-10RB was examined in Epstein Barr virus-transformed B cells and hepatoma cells.
RESULTS: IL-10RB K47E was associated with chronic HBV infection but not with hepatoma in the Korean population. IL-10RB K47E was associated with the transcript level of IL-10RB in transformed B cells but not with the responses in hepatoma cells to IFN-λ or IL-22. HBV replication or 5-fluorouracil-induced cell death was suppressed by treatment of IFN-λ or IL-22 in an IL-10RB K47E-independent manner.
CONCLUSIONS: IL-10RB K47E is related to chronic HBV infection in a Korean population, but not to cellular responsiveness to IFN-λ and IL-22.
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