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Characterization of human anti-heat shock protein 60 monoclonal autoantibody Fab fragments in atherosclerosis: genetic and functional analysis.

Authors
Jang, EJ; Jung, KY; Hwang, E; Jang, YJ
Citation
Molecular immunology, 54(3-4):338-346, 2013
Journal Title
Molecular immunology
ISSN
0161-58901872-9142
Abstract
Heat shock protein 60 (HSP60) is an important autoantigen in atherosclerosis. The genetic structures and pathogenic roles of anti-HSP60 autoantibodies, however, have not been well elucidated. Here, we cloned nine monoclonal IgG Fabs against human HSP60 from peripheral blood lymphocytes of atherosclerosis patients. Analysis of the variable region sequences revealed that the antibodies used diverse members of V(H) gene families with different D(H) and J(H) segments. However, in V(L), KV3-20 gene family member along with KJ1 segment was used often. Similarities between the rearranged genes and the closest germline sequences were low. The sequences of V(H) were highly mutated and V(H)-CDR3 varied greatly in length and sequences. The ratios of R/S (replacement mutation to silent mutation) were remarkably high in CDRs in all V(H) regions except one clone. Furthermore, mutations to positively charged amino acids were frequent in all V(H) and most V(L). These results suggest that the occurrence of somatic hypermutation and antigenic selection is critical, not the usage of certain V(H) gene family members or segments, in producing affinity-matured anti-HSP60 autoantibodies in atherosclerosis. However, expression of the combined germline genes of KV3-20 with KJ1 might be important for the selection by HSP60 at the early stage of B cell development. Two of these anti-HSP60 Fabs inhibited the binding and uptake of human HSP60 by murine macrophage cells. One of them also reduced the release of the pro-inflammatory mediators and inhibited the activation of NF-κB in HSP60-stimulated macrophages. To elucidate the functional roles of anti-HSP60 autoantibodies in atherosclerosis and the potential use of these Fabs to treat atherosclerosis, further investigation is worthy to be performed.
MeSH terms
Amino Acid SequenceAnimalsAntibodies, Monoclonal/*genetics/immunologyAtherosclerosis/*genetics/*immunologyAutoantibodies/*genetics/immunologyAutoantigens/immunologyCell LineChaperonin 60/*immunologyHumansImmunoglobulin Fab Fragments/*genetics/immunologyImmunoglobulin G/genetics/immunologyImmunoglobulin Variable Region/genetics/immunologyLymphocytes/immunologyMacrophages/immunology/metabolismMiceMolecular Sequence DataMutation/immunologyNF-kappa B/genetics/immunology
DOI
10.1016/j.molimm.2012.12.013
PMID
23357787
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Microbiology
AJOU Authors
장, 영주
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