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Relation of serum vitamin A levels to all-cause and cause-specific mortality among older adults in the NHANES III population

Min, KB  | Min, JY
Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD, 24(11). : 1197-1203, 2014
Journal Title
Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD
AIMS: Although studies have suggested that vitamin A is associated with

cardiovascular events and mortality, it remains unclear whether low doses or high

doses of vitamin A have harmful effects on the cardiovascular system. This study

investigated whether serum vitamin A levels are associated with all-cause and

cause-specific mortality in US older adults. DATA SYNTHESIS: We analyzed the

mortality information for 6069 participants aged 50 years or older who had serum

vitamin A data available from the baseline examination. The participants were

categorized as having deficient (<30 mug/dL), normal (30-80 mug/dL), or excessive

(>80 mug/dL) levels of serum vitamin A, and a multivariate Cox proportional

hazards regression analysis was performed on mortality. We found a U-shaped

association between serum vitamin A levels and death from all-cause and

cause-specific mortality among US adults. Comparing the normal range of serum

vitamin A, the hazard ratio with deficient serum vitamin A was 2.9 (95% CI

2.0-4.3) for all-cause mortality, 2.1 (95% CI 1.1-4.1) for cardiovascular-related

mortality and 2.5 (95% CI 1.2-5.3) for coronary artery disease-related mortality.

Excessive serum vitamin A was associated with a 1.2-fold (95% CI 1.1-1.4)

increased risk of all-cause mortality, a 1.4-fold (95% CI 1.2-1.8) increased risk

of cardiovascular-related mortality, and a 1.5-fold (95% CI 1.2-2.0) increased

risk of coronary artery disease-related mortality compared with the reference

group. CONCLUSION: The finding suggests that serum vitamin A levels less than 30

mug/dL or greater than 80 mug/dL levels may indicate a high risk of subsequent


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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Occupational & Environmental Medicine
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