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Interleukin-8 level as a prognostic marker in patients with hepatitis B virus-associated hepatocellular carcinoma treated with transarterial chemoembolization.

Authors
Kim, SS  | Cho, HJ  | Won, JH  | Bae, JI | Kang, DR  | Lee, JD | Shin, SJ  | Lee, KM  | Yoo, BM  | Kim, JK  | Lee, JH  | Ahn, SJ | Park, JH  | Cho, SW  | Cheong, JY
Citation
Cytokine, 76(2). : 449-457, 2015
Journal Title
Cytokine
ISSN
1043-46661096-0023
Abstract
We investigated the association between serum interleukin (IL)-8 levels and post-transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) outcomes in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated HCC. We enrolled 119 TACE-treated patients with HBV-associated HCC; TACE refractoriness and liver transplantation (LT)-free survival were evaluated during follow-up. Pre-TACE serum levels of various cytokines (epidermal growth factor [EGF], fibroblast growth factor 2, granulocyte-colony stimulating factor [G-CSF], interferon-γ, IL-8, IL-12, IL-17A, interferon-γ-inducible protein-10, monocyte chemotactic protein-1, tumor necrosis factor-α and vascular endothelial growth factor) were analyzed. During a mean follow-up of 24.3 (1-79) months, 91 patients (76.5%) exhibited TACE refractoriness. In multivariate analyses, multiple tumors (hazard ratio [HR], 2.37; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.28-4.39; P=0.006), large tumor size (HR, 2.36; 95% CI, 1.38-4.03; P=0.002), and combination of alpha-fetoprotein and IL-8 levels (AFP>400 ng/mL or IL-8>32 pg/mL; HR, 1.72; 95% CI, 1.03-2.85; P=0.037) independently predicted overall TACE refractoriness. Higher EGF (>35 pg/mL) and lower G-CSF levels (⩽ 12.5 pg/mL) were associated with early TACE refractoriness (<1 year; HR, 3.47; 95% CI, 1.01-11.96; P=0.049 and HR, 6.25; 95% CI, 1.62-23.81; P=0.008, respectively). Furthermore, high IL-8 level (>32 pg/mL; HR, 1.68; 95% CI, 1.09-2.59; P=0.020) was associated with poor LT-free survival. In conclusion, pretreatment serum IL-8 is a useful prognostic marker for TACE refractoriness and LT-free survival in TACE-treated patients with HBV-associated HCC.
MeSH

DOI
10.1016/j.cyto.2015.07.001
PMID
26163999
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Gastroenterology
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Radiology
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Medical Humanities & Social Medicine
Ajou Authors
강, 대용  |  김, 순선  |  김, 재근  |  박, 주한  |  신, 성재  |  원, 제환  |  유, 병무  |  이, 기명  |  이, 제희  |  정, 재연  |  조, 성원  |  조, 효정
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