BACKGROUND: A double stent system (covered stent in uncovered stent) was designed to provide long-term patency without tumor ingrowth or stent-related complications, such as stent migration, cholecystitis, or pancreatitis.
PURPOSE: To investigate the safety and efficacy of double stents in patients with malignant extrahepatic biliary obstructions.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective, nonrandomized, multicenter study enrolled 160 consecutive patients (102 men; mean age, 64 years; range, 33-91 years) with malignant extrahepatic biliary obstructions treated with a double stent system from January 2010 to March 2012.
RESULTS: The technical success rate of the double stent placement was 100%. No stent migration was observed. Procedure-related minor (self-limiting hemobilia [n = 6] and cholangitis [n = 2]) and major (pancreatitis [n = 16], cholecystitis [n = 3], and hepatic abscess [n = 2]) complications occurred in a total of 29 patients. The mean serum bilirubin level, which was 8.9 ± 5.6 mg/dL before drainage, decreased to 2.2 ± 4.6 mg/dL 1 month after stent placement (P < 0.001). Successful internal drainage was achieved in 148 patients (92.5%). During the mean follow-up period of 205 days, acute cholecystitis (n = 3) and hepatic abscess (n = 2) occurred in five patients. The median patient survival and stent patency time were 135 days (95% confidence interval [CI], 96-160 days) and 114 days (95% CI, 83-131 days), respectively. Of 153 patients, 22 (14.4%) presented with stent dysfunction due to sludge incrustation (n = 17), tumor overgrowth (n = 4), or blood clot (n = 1), and required repeat intervention. Tumor ingrowth was not observed in any of these patients.
CONCLUSION: Percutaneous treatment of malignant extrahepatic biliary obstruction using a double stent safely and effectively achieves internal biliary drainage.
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