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Participation in Physical, Social, and Religious Activity and Risk of Depression in the Elderly: A Community-Based Three-Year Longitudinal Study in Korea.

Authors
Roh, HW | Hong, CH  | Lee, Y  | Oh, BH | Lee, KS | Chang, KJ  | Kang, DR  | Kim, J  | Lee, S | Back, JH | Chung, YK  | Lim, KY  | Noh, JS  | Kim, D | Son, SJ
Citation
PloS one, 10(7). : e0132838-e0132838, 2015
Journal Title
PloS one
ISSN
1932-6203
Abstract
BACKGROUND: We examined the longitudinal association between participation in individual or combinations of physical, social, and religious activity and risk of depression in the elderly.

METHODS: Elderly subjects aged ≥ 60 years who completed the Living Profiles of Older People Survey in Korea (n = 6,647) were included. The baseline assessment, Wave 1, was conducted in 2008, and a follow-up assessment, Wave 2, was conducted in 2011. We defined participation in frequent physical activity as ≥ 3 times weekly (at least 30 minutes per activity). Frequent participation in social and religious activity was defined as ≥ 1 activity weekly. The primary outcome was depression at 3-year follow up.

RESULTS: Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that subjects who participated in frequent physical, social, and religious activity had an adjusted odds ratio of 0.81 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.69-0.96), 0.87 (95% CI, 0.75-1.00), and 0.78 (95% CI, 0.67-0.90), respectively, compared with participants who did not participate in each activity. Participants who participated in only one type of activity frequently and participants who participated in two or three types of activities frequently had an adjusted odds ratio of 0.86 (95% CI, 0.75-0.98) and 0.64 (95% CI, 0.52-0.79), respectively, compared with participants who did not participate in any type of physical, social, and religious activity frequently.

CONCLUSION: Participation in physical, social, and religious activity was associated with decreased risk of depression in the elderly. In addition, risk of depression was much lower in the elderly people who participated in two or three of the above-mentioned types of activity than that in the elderly who did not.
MeSH

DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0132838
PMID
26172441
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Psychiatry & Behavioural Sciences
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Preventive Medicine & Public Health
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Medical Humanities & Social Medicine
Ajou Authors
강, 대용  |  김, 진희  |  노, 재성  |  손, 상준  |  이, 윤환  |  임, 기영  |  장, 기중  |  정, 영기  |  홍, 창형
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