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Clinical Conversion or Reversion of Mild Cognitive Impairment in Community versus Hospital Based Studies: GDEMCIS (Gwangju Dementia and Mild Cognitive Impairment Study) and CREDOS (Clinical Research Center for Dementia of South Korea)

Authors
Roh, HW | Hong, CH  | Lee, Y  | Lee, KS | Chang, KJ | Kang, DR  | Lee, JD | Choi, SH | Kim, SY | Na, DL | Seo, SW | Kim, DK | Back, JH | Chung, YK  | Lim, KY  | Noh, JS  | Son, SJ
Citation
Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD, 53(2). : 463-473, 2016
Journal Title
Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD
ISSN
1387-28771875-8908
Abstract
BACKGROUND: In keeping with increasing interest in dementia, few recent studies suggest that clinical course of mild cognitive impairment vary across different studies with hospital-based subjects showing higher rates of conversion than community-based subjects. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of the present study was to assess whether the clinical conversion or reversion rates differ according to recruitment source. METHODS: The baseline study subjects comprised of patients who were diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment in community-based GDEMCIS or hospital-based CREDOS. The two studies had nearly the same protocol and were performed over a similar period. We used propensity score matching for baseline comparability. After that, Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were conducted to estimate the hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals of clinical conversion or reversion. RESULTS: Based on 89 GDEMCIS subjects, 1 : 4 propensity score matching was conducted and 356 CREDOS subjects were selected. After adjusting for covariates including baseline demographics, comorbidity, depression, disability, and neuropsychological result, Cox proportional hazard regression analysis for time to clinical conversion indicated that recruitment from hospital-based CREDOS exhibited hazard ratio of 2.13 (95% CI, 1.08-4.21), as compared to recruitment from community-based GDEMCIS. Similarly, Cox proportional hazard regression analysis for time to reversion indicated that recruitment from hospital-based CREDOS exhibited hazard ratio of 0.34 (95% CI, 0.20-0.59), as compared to recruitment from community-based GDEMCIS. CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrated that even after the matching process and adjustments for baseline covariates, recruitment source greatly affected the course of mild cognitive impairment.
MeSH

DOI
10.3233/JAD-160341
PMID
27163831
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Psychiatry & Behavioural Sciences
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Preventive Medicine & Public Health
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Medical Humanities & Social Medicine
Ajou Authors
강, 대용  |  노, 재성  |  손, 상준  |  이, 윤환  |  임, 기영  |  정, 영기  |  홍, 창형
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