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TLR4 Endogenous Ligand S100A8/A9 Levels in Adult-Onset Still's Disease and Their Association with Disease Activity and Clinical Manifestations

Authors
Kim, HA  | Han, JH  | Kim, WJ | Noh, HJ | An, JM | Yim, H  | Jung, JY  | Kim, YS  | Suh, CH
Citation
International journal of molecular sciences, 17(8). : 1342-1342, 2016
Journal Title
International journal of molecular sciences
ISSN
1422-0067
Abstract
S100A8/A9 has been suggested as a marker of disease activity in patients with adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD). We evaluated the clinical significance of S100A8/A9 as a biomarker and its pathogenic role in AOSD. Blood samples were collected prospectively from 20 AOSD patients and 20 healthy controls (HCs). Furthermore, skin and lymph node biopsy specimens of AOSD patients were investigated for S100A8/A9 expression levels via immunohistochemistry. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of active AOSD patients and HCs were investigated for S100A8/A9 cell signals. S100A8/A9, interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) levels in active AOSD patients were higher than those of HCs. S100A8/A9 levels correlated positively with IL-1beta, TNF-alpha and C-reactive protein. The inflammatory cells expressing S100A8/A9 were graded from one to three in skin and lymph node biopsies of AOSD patients. The grading for S100A8/A9 was more intense in the skin lesions with karyorrhexis, mucin deposition, and neutrophil infiltration. Like lipopolysaccharide (LPS), S100A8/A9 induced phosphorylation of p38 and c-Jun amino-terminal kinase (JNK) in PBMCs, suggesting that S100A8/A9 activates Toll-like receptor 4 signaling pathways. These findings suggest that S100A8/A9 may be involved in the inflammatory response with induction of proinflammatory cytokines and may serve as a clinicopathological marker for disease activity in AOSD.
MeSH

DOI
10.3390/ijms17081342
PMID
27537874
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Rheumatology
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Pathology
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Ajou Authors
김, 유선  |  김, 현아  |  서, 창희  |  임, 현이  |  정, 주양  |  한, 재호
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