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The relationship among self-efficacy, perfectionism and academic burnout in medical school students

Authors
Yu, JH  | Chae, SJ  | Chang, KH
Citation
Korean journal of medical education, 28(1). : 49-55, 2016
Journal Title
Korean journal of medical education
ISSN
2005-727X2005-7288
Abstract
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among academic self-efficacy, socially-prescribed perfectionism, and academic burnout in medical school students and to determine whether academic self-efficacy had a mediating role in the relationship between perfectionism and academic burnout.
METHODS: A total of 244 first-year and second-year premed medical students and first- to fourth-year medical students were enrolled in this study. As study tools, socially-prescribed perfectionism, academic self-efficacy, and academic burnout scales were utilized. For data analysis, correlation analysis, multiple regression analysis, and hierarchical multiple regression analyses were conducted.
RESULTS: Academic burnout had correlation with socially-prescribed perfectionism. It had negative correlation with academic self-efficacy. Socially-prescribed perfectionism and academic self-efficacy had 54% explanatory power for academic burnout. When socially-prescribed perfectionism and academic self-efficacy were simultaneously used as input, academic self-efficacy partially mediated the relationship between socially-prescribed perfectionism and academic burnout.
CONCLUSION: Socially-prescribed perfectionism had a negative effect on academic self-efficacy, ultimately triggering academic burnout. This suggests that it is important to have educational and counseling interventions to improve academic self-efficacy by relieving academic burnout of medical school students.
MeSH

DOI
10.3946/kjme.2016.9
PMID
26838568
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Office of Medical Education
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Medical Humanities & Social Medicine
Ajou Authors
유, 지혜  |  장, 기홍  |  채, 수진
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