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The Total Calvarial Transsutural Distraction Osteogenesis for 26 Children with Slit Ventricle, Craniosynostosis, or Microcephaly After Shunt Operation

Authors
Park, DH  | Yoon, SH
Citation
World neurosurgery, 97. : 701-709.e1, 2017
Journal Title
World neurosurgery
ISSN
1878-87501878-8769
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: Among shunt complications, the postshunt slit ventricle (PSSV) and the postshunt craniosynostosis (PSCS) may be managed by shunt valve upgrade and/or cranial expansion surgery. Here, we analyzed 26 children with PSSV, PSCS, or microcephaly who received simple generalized cranial expansion (ie, total calvarial transsutural distraction osteogenesis [TC-TSuDO]).
METHODS: Among 254 children with shunt surgery, 26 children received TC-TSuDO. These 26 children included 14 with PSSV, 4 with PSCS, and 8 with both PSSV and PSCS. The mean age of patients who underwent shunt procedures was 8.2 +/- 10.6 months, and the mean time interval from shunt surgery to TC-TSuDO was 26.8 +/- 29.5 months. The mean age of children at the time of TC-TSuDO was 33.3 +/- 30.2 months. We analyzed head circumferences, lumbar puncture pressures, development status, operative factors, and postoperative complications.
RESULTS: The mean preoperative head circumference was -2.1 +/- 1.9, which increased to -1.4 +/- 2.1 (P < 0.001) postsurgically. The mean preoperative lumbar puncture pressure was 26.2 +/- 10.7 cm H2O which decreased to 11.9 +/- 3.5 cm H2O (P < 0.001) after surgery. The mean operation time was 138 +/- 66 minutes. The mean intensive care unit stay was 0.27 +/- 0.53 days. There were no mortalities but 2 patients suffered from distractor malfunction and 1 patient showed wound discharge.
CONCLUSIONS: We suggest that postshunt complications such as PSSV or PSCS, especially those that are accompanied by increased intracranial pressure or postshunt microcephaly, may be managed for patients with TC-TSuDO, which has been shown to be safe, simple, and effective.
MeSH

DOI
10.1016/j.wneu.2016.09.093
PMID
27713061
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Neurosurgery
Ajou Authors
박, 동하  |  윤, 수한
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