Occurrence of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) osteoarthritis (OA) during adolescence may have interactions with mandibular and dental development. The aim of the present study was to investigate relationships between occurrence of TMD and TMJ OA and extents of dental and skeletal development in juvenile female patients. In total, 95 female adolescents (age range, 11-15 years) were selected. Among them, 15 subjects (control) had no signs of TMD, 39 TMD patients did not have OA (TMDnoOA), 17 TMD patients were at initial stage of TMJ OA (TMJOA), and 27 patients showed progressive stage of TMJ OA (TMJOA). Dental age was estimated by Demirjian's stages used in a previous study with Korean adolescents. Craniofacial parameters and cervical vertebrae maturation (CVM) stages, representing skeletal maturity levels, were measured using lateral cephalograms. The estimated dental age was significantly lower than chronological age in all groups, but CVM differences were not statistically significant. Dental age was the lowest, and differences between the chronological age and estimated dental age were the highest among initial stage of TMJOAs followed by progressive stage of TMJOAs, TMDnoOAs and control and were not associated with CVM stages. Cephalometric parameters revealed significant clockwise rotation of the mandible among the TMJOAs compared with controls and TMDnoOAs and were not associated with CVM stages as well. The juvenile female patients with TMD, particularly TMJ OA, showed retarded dental development, mandibular backward positioning and hyperdivergent facial profiles. The TMJ OA may be associated with retarded dental development but not with skeletal maturations.
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