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Continuous Intracranial Pressure Monitoring in 24 Microcephalic Children with Developmental Delay: A Significant Portion of Microcephalic Children with Developmental Delay Have High Intracranial Pressure

Authors
Cho, SM | Park, DH  | Yoon, SH
Citation
World neurosurgery, 123. : e760-e765, 2019
Journal Title
World neurosurgery
ISSN
1878-87501878-8769
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: The new direct gradual cranial expansion surgical technique has been used to treat children with postshunt microcephaly and slit ventricle syndrome. To evaluate the feasibility of this new surgical treatment, we studied intracranial pressure (ICP) in microcephalic children with developmental delay.
METHODS: Mean ICP, age, sex, head size, and developmental assessments were compared in 24 microcephalic children with developmental delay who had had continuous ICP monitoring.
RESULTS: Children studied included 9 boys and 15 girls with a mean age of 4.9 +/- 2.0 years. Mean ICP was 18.7 +/- 8.6 mm Hg. Children with high ICP had significantly lower age and higher B wave ratios than children with low ICP. There were no statistically significant differences in developmental scores and head sizes between children with high ICP and children with low ICP. In multiple linear regression analysis, we observed significantly increased risk of mean ICP elevation by B wave ratio and developmental score and decreased risk of mean ICP elevation by age, but not significantly increased risk of mean ICP elevation by head circumferences (z score).
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that a portion of microcephalic children with developmental delay have high ICP that cannot be expected from head sizes, and high ICP has decreasing tendency with age.
Keywords
MeSH

DOI
10.1016/j.wneu.2018.12.027
PMID
30579032
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Neurosurgery
Ajou Authors
박, 동하  |  윤, 수한
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