BACKGROUND: Managing unilateral vertically displaced sacral fractures remains a challenge. A triangular osteosynthesis (TOS), which involves fixing the fractured sacrum using unilateral spinopelvic fixation and a supplemental ilio-sacral screw, continues to gain popularity as it facilitates early mobilization and improves the long-term outcome. However, it has limitations, such as destruction of the L5-S1 joint, the need for additional removal surgery, and an increased risk of infection due to the large incision. An S1 pediculoiliac construct was proposed to overcome this limitations. Its use also has complications, however, including a painful hardware prominence due to the traditional iliac screw, excessive soft tissue retraction, and limited reduction capability.
CASE DESCRIPTION: A 20-year-old woman fell from a height of 6 meters and sustained a vertical shear type sacral fracture on the left side with substantial vertical displacement. We reduced and fixed the fracture using a TOS using an S1 pedicle screw and an S2 alar iliac screw (S2AIS). The patient was allowed immediate weight-bearing as tolerated. We achieved good reduction and union with a small vertical incision, without the destruction of L5-S1 joints, a symptomatic implant prominence, or wound complications.
CONCLUSIONS: For unilateral vertically unstable sacral fractures, TOS using S1 pedicle screws and S2AIS is safe and has the advantage such as maintaining mobility in the lumbar pelvic region, small size wounds, and reduced soft tissue damage, and it may have a potentially low infection rate. Further studies are needed to determine the specific indications and validate the effectiveness of this procedure.
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