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The efficacy of EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor in non-small cell lung cancer patients with synchronous brain metastasis: a real-world study

Choi, JH  | Choi, YW  | Lee, HW  | Kang, SY  | Jeong, GS | Ahn, MS  | Oh, YT  | Noh, OK  | Kim, SH  | Roh, TH  | Sheen, SS
The Korean journal of internal medicine, 37(2). : 434-443, 2022
Journal Title
The Korean journal of internal medicine
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The optimal treatment (Tx) for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with brain metastasis (BM) remains to be determined. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted on 77 NSCLC patients with synchronous BM who underwent first-line EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) Tx. The outcomes of patients were analyzed according to the clinicopathological characteristics including local Tx modalities. RESULTS: Fifty-nine patients underwent local Tx for BM (gamma knife surgery [GKS], 37; whole brain radiotherapy [WBRT], 18; others, four) concurrently or sequentially with EGFR-TKI. Patients treated with TKI alone showed significantly lower incidence of central nervous system (CNS) symptoms. The median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) after the initiation of EGFR-TKI for all patients were 9 and 19 months, respectively. In 60 patients with follow-up brain imaging, the median time to CNS progression was 15 months. Patients with EGFR exon 19 deletion had a significantly longer median OS than those with other mutations including L858R (23 months vs. 17 months). Other clinical characteristics, including CNS symptoms, number of BM, and the use of local Tx were not associated with OS, as well as PFS. In terms of the local optimal Tx modality, no difference was found between GKS and WBRT in the OS and PFS. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that EGFR-TKI may result in a favorable outcome in NSCLC patients with synchronous BM, especially in deletion 19 mutant, regardless of the extent of BM lesions or local Tx modalities. Patients with asymptomatic BM can be treated with EGFR-TKI and careful surveillance.


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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Hematology-Oncology
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Radiation Oncology
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Neurosurgery
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine
Ajou Authors
강, 석윤  |  김, 세혁  |  노, 오규  |  노, 태훈  |  신, 승수  |  안, 미선  |  오, 영택  |  이, 현우  |  최, 용원  |  최, 진혁
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