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Three Clinical Clusters Identified through Hierarchical Cluster Analysis Using Initial Laboratory Findings in Korean Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Jung, JY  | Lee, HY | Lee, E | Kim, HA  | Yoon, D | Suh, CH
Journal of clinical medicine, 11(9). : 2406-2406, 2022
Journal Title
Journal of clinical medicine
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a heterogeneous disorder with diverse clinical manifestations. This study classified patients by combining laboratory values at SLE diagnosis via hierarchical cluster analysis. Linear discriminant analysis was performed to construct a model for predicting clusters. Cluster analysis using data from 389 patients with SLE yielded three clusters with different laboratory characteristics. Cluster 1 had the youngest age at diagnosis and showed significantly lower lymphocyte and platelet counts and hemoglobin and complement levels and the highest erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and anti-double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) antibody level. Cluster 2 showed higher white blood cell (WBC), lymphocyte, and platelet counts and lower ESR and anti-dsDNA antibody level. Cluster 3 showed the highest anti-nuclear antibody titer and lower WBC and lymphocyte counts. Within approximately 171 months, Cluster 1 showed higher SLE Disease Activity Index scores and number of cumulative manifestations, including malar rash, alopecia, arthritis, and renal disease, than did Clusters 2 and 3. However, the damage index and mortality rate did not differ significantly between them. In conclusion, the cluster analysis using the initial laboratory findings of the patients with SLE identified three clusters. While disease activities, organ involvements, and management patterns differed between the clusters, damages and mortalities did not.

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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Rheumatology
Ajou Authors
김, 현아  |  서, 창희  |  정, 주양
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