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Expanding Indications for a Ketogenic Diet as an Adjuvant Therapy in Adult Refractory Status Epilepticus: an Exploratory Study Using Moderation Analysis

Koh, S  | Kim, TJ  | Shin, HB | Kim, HK | Park, B  | Moon, SY  | Kim, BG  | Huh, K | Choi, JY
Neurotherapeutics, 19(5). : 1526-1534, 2022
Journal Title
Refractory status epilepticus (RSE) requires multimodal treatment approaches to achieve rapid seizure cessation and neuroprotection. A ketogenic diet (KD) has demonstrated efficacy as a nutritional therapeutic option for adult RSE. However, the group of adult RSE patients who would benefit from adopting a KD needs to be determined to appropriately select the patients indicated for a KD. Therefore, we conducted a nonrandomized retrospective cohort study to explore the therapeutic efficacy of a KD by investigating the moderation effect of a KD on the association between the clinical characteristics of RSE patients and their functional outcomes. This study investigated 140 RSE patients, including 32 patients treated with a KD; among these patients, 28 (81%) achieved seizure cessation. We found that KD moderated the reduction in the modified Rankin scale (mRS) score at discharge among patients who were older, had higher seizure severity scores, were under continuous intravenous anesthetic therapy (CIVAD), and had super-RSE. Age and seizure severity scores, but not CIVAD or super-RSE, were associated with a KD-moderated change in mRS score at 3 months. Thus, we consider that our study provides evidence of a neuroprotective effect of KD in the most severe RSE patients with very few remaining therapeutic options, but future randomized controlled trials in these subgroups of KD patients are necessary.


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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Brain Science
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Neurology
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Biomedical Informatics
Ajou Authors
고, 승연  |  김, 병곤  |  김, 태준  |  문, 소영  |  박, 범희  |  최, 준영
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