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Decision-making preferences on end-of-life care for older people: Exploration and comparison of Japan, the Hong Kong SAR and South Korea in East Asia

Ho, LYW | Kwong, EWY | Song, MS  | Kawakami, A | Boo, S  | Lai, CKY | Yamamoto-Mitani, N
Journal of clinical nursing, 31(23-24). : 3498-3509, 2022
Journal Title
Journal of clinical nursing
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine and compare decision-making preferences on end-of-life care for older people in Japan, the Hong Kong SAR and South Korea. BACKGROUND: Cultural values and beliefs influence decision-making on end-of-life care. DESIGN: A cross-sectional design was adopted. METHODS: Community-dwelling people aged >/=65 with additional requirements were recruited in 2016-2017 in the three regions. Their decision-making preferences on end-of-life care were assessed using Pang et al.'s questionnaire. These preferences and their sociodemographic and personal experience variables were compared and analysed using univariate and multiple logistic regressions. The STROBE checklist was followed. RESULTS: This study involved 415 participants. In all three regions, the most preferred decision maker and person with whom to discuss end-of-life care issues was a family member. Participants in the Hong Kong SAR were less likely to select a family member as their preferred decision maker than those in Japan (adjusted odds ratio = 0.129). Koreans were less likely to discuss end-of-life care issues with medical professionals than people in Japan (adjusted odds ratio = 0.278). More than 70% of the participants in each region indicated that they would not prefer to leave an advance directive to decide their end-of-life care. CONCLUSION: Older Asians prefer to make their own decisions after consulting others. Family members play an important role in helping older people plan their preferred end-of-life care arrangements, even acting as decision makers when older people become incapable of deciding for themselves. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Sufficient information should be provided to older people and their families for the older people to determine their preferred care. Helping families to understand and support the planned care and advance directives is a strategy for maximising family compliance with the care. Continuous efforts should be made to promote advance care planning and advance directives.


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Journal Papers > College of Nursing Science / Graduate School of Nursing Sciences > Nursing Science
Ajou Authors
부, 선주  |  송, 미숙
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