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Effects of dapagliflozin compared with glimepiride on body composition in Asian patients with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled with metformin: The BEYOND study

Park, HK | Kim, KA | Min, KW | Sohn, TS | Jeong, IK | Ahn, CW | Kim, NH | Park, IB | Cho, HC | Chung, CH | Choi, SH | Park, KS | Yang, SO | Lee, KW
Diabetes, obesity & metabolism, 25(9). : 2743-2755, 2023
Journal Title
Diabetes, obesity & metabolism
Aims: To evaluate the effect of dapagliflozin on body composition such as total body fat (BF) mass, abdominal visceral adipose tissue (VAT), and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) areas compared with glimepiride in Korean patients with type 2 diabetes. Materials and Methods: This was a 52-week, multicentre, randomized, parallel-group, open-label, Phase IV (NCT02564926) study. Patients with inadequate glycaemic control (glycated haemoglobin ≥7.0% and <10.0%) on metformin monotherapy (≥1000 mg/day) were randomized 1:1 to receive dapagliflozin 10 mg/day or glimepiride 1-2 mg/day for 12 months as an add-on to metformin. Baseline and end of study body composition evaluations included dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and abdominal computed tomography scans. Results: Of 124 enrolled patients from 14 centres, 121 received study treatment (dapagliflozin: 60; glimepiride: 61) and 106 (85.5%) completed the study. Over 52 weeks, the dapagliflozin group showed the following differences versus the glimepiride group: −2.59 kg BF mass, −1.94% BF%, −17.55 cm2 VAT area, −18.39 cm2 SAT area, −0.46% glycated haemoglobin, −18.25 mg/dl fasting blood glucose, −3.7 kg weight, −2.21 cm waist circumference, −1.37 kg/m2 body mass index, −6.81 mmHg systolic blood pressure and +657.71 ng/ml in adiponectin; all were statistically significant. Both groups had similar incidences of adverse events; however, hypoglycaemic events were mainly (12 of 15) reported in the glimepiride group. Conclusion: Dapagliflozin reduced total BF mass, abdominal VAT and SAT areas, and showed better glycaemic control than glimepiride. Being safe and well-tolerated, dapagliflozin appears to be a more favourable alternative to sulphonylureas as add-on therapy after metformin monotherapy failure in Korean patients with type 2 diabetes.


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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Endocrinology & Metabolism
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