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Association of Geriatric Depressive Symptoms and Government-Initiated Senior Employment Program: A Population-Based Study

Park, S | Kim, Y | Yoon, S | Nam, YJ  | Hong, S  | Cho, YH  | Son, SJ  | Hong, CH  | Noh, JS  | Roh, HW
Psychiatry investigation, 21(3). : 284-293, 2024
Journal Title
Psychiatry investigation
Objective The impact of the government-initiated senior employment program (GSEP) on geriatric depressive symptoms is underexplored. Unearthing this connection could facilitate the planning of future senior employment programs and geriatric depression interventions. In the present study, we aimed to elucidate the possible association between geriatric depressive symptoms and GSEP in older adults. Methods This study employed data from 9,287 participants aged 65 or older, obtained from the 2020 Living Profiles of Older People Survey. We measured depressive symptoms using the Korean version of the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale. The principal exposure of interest was employment status and GSEP involvement. Data analysis involved multiple linear regression. Results Employment, independent of income level, showed association with decreased depressive symptoms compared to unemployment (p<0.001). After adjustments for confounding variables, participation in GSEP jobs showed more significant reduction in depressive symptoms than non-GSEP jobs (β=-0.968, 95% confidence interval [CI]=-1.197 to-0.739, p<0.001 for GSEP jobs, β=-0.541, 95% CI=-0.681 to-0.401, p<0.001 for non-GSEP jobs). Notably, the lower income tertile in GSEP jobs showed a substantial reduction in depressive symptoms compared to all income tertiles in non-GSEP jobs. Conclusion The lower-income GSEP group experienced lower depressive symptoms and life dissatisfaction compared to non-GSEP groups regardless of income. These findings may provide essential insights for the implementation of government policies and community-based interventions.

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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Psychiatry & Behavioural Sciences
Ajou Authors
남, 유진  |  노, 재성  |  노, 현웅  |  손, 상준  |  조, 용혁  |  홍, 선화  |  홍, 창형
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