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Self-expandable covered metallic esophageal stent impregnated with beta-emitting radionuclide: an experimental study in canine esophagus.

Won, JH; Lee, JD; Wang, HJ; Kim, GE; Kim, BW; Yim, H; Han, SK; Park, CH; Joh, CW; Kim, KH; Park, KB; Shin, KM
International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics, 53(4):1005-1013, 2002
Journal Title
International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
PURPOSE: A specially designed self-expandable covered metallic stent impregnated with the beta-emitting radioisotope 166Ho (166Ho, energy: 1.85 and 1.76 MeV, T12: 26.8 h) was developed at our institute for the purpose of intraluminal palliative brachytherapy, as well as for treating malignant esophageal stricture and swallowing difficulty. The aim of this study was to evaluate the tissue response to brachytherapy and the safety of the radioactive metallic stent with regard to the normal canine esophagus before clinical application.

METHODS AND MATERIALS: 166Ho was impregnated into the polyurethane membrane (50 micron thickness) covering the outer surface of a self-expandable metallic stent (diameter, 18 mm; length, 40 mm). Stents with radioactivity 4.0-7.8 mCi (Group A, n = 15), 1.0-1.8 mCi (Group B, n = 5), and 0.5-0.7 mCi (Group C, n = 5) were placed in the esophagi of 25 healthy beagle dogs, and the stents were tightly anchored surgically to prevent migration. The estimated radiation dose calculated by Monte Carlo simulation was 194-383 Gy in Group A, 48-90 Gy in Group B, and 23-32 Gy in Group C. The dogs were killed 8-12 weeks after insertion of the stents, and histologic examinations of the esophageal walls were performed.

RESULTS: In Group A, 3 of 15 dogs died of wound infection, so specimens were obtained from only 12 dogs; all 12 cases showed esophageal stricture with mucosal ulceration. Microscopically, severe fibrosis and degeneration of the muscular propria were found in 3 dogs, complete fibrosis of the entire esophageal wall was found in 7 dogs, and esophageal fibrosis with radiation damage within periesophageal soft tissue was found in 2 dogs. However, esophageal perforation did not develop, despite extremely high radiation doses. In Group B, glandular atrophy and submucosal fibrosis were found, but the muscular layer was intact. In Group C, no histologic change was found in 3 dogs, but submucosal inflammation and glandular atrophy with intact mucosa were found in 2 dogs.

CONCLUSIONS: A radioactive, self-expandable covered metallic stent can be used as an alternative therapeutic modality for the palliative treatment of malignant esophageal stricture.
MeSH terms
AnimalsBrachytherapy/*methodsDogsEpithelial Cells/pathology/radiation effectsEsophageal Neoplasms/*radiotherapyEsophagus/pathology/radiation effectsFluoroscopyHolmium/*therapeutic useMucous Membrane/pathology/radiation effectsRadioisotopes/*therapeutic useRadiometry
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Radiology
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Surgery
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Pathology
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Nuclear Medicine & Molecular Imaging
AJOU Authors
원, 제환왕, 희정임, 현이박, 찬희조, 철우
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