Frameshift mutations in the bax gene are not involved in development of ovarian endometrioid carcinoma.
Cao, SN; Chang, KH; Luthra, R; Liu, J
Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc, 16(10):1048-1052, 2003
Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
The purpose of this study was to determine whether mutations in the Bax gene play a role in the development of ovarian endometrioid carcinoma with a microsatellite instability phenotype. We analyzed a total of 60 tumor specimens, 49 ovarian endometrioid carcinomas and 11 concurrent endometrial endometrioid carcinomas from 49 patients. Fourteen ovarian endometrioid carcinomas and 6 endometrial endometrioid carcinomas showed a microsatellite instability-high phenotype. Tumor and normal-tissue specimens from eight patients with a microsatellite instability-high phenotype colorectal carcinoma were included in this study as controls. The presence or absence of a mutation in the poly (G) 8 tract of the Bax gene was determined by polymerase chain reaction followed by direct DNA sequence analysis. A 1-base pair deletion at the poly (G) 8 tract and no expression of Bax and Bcl-2 proteins were identified in one microsatellite instability-high endometrial endometrioid carcinoma. Immunohistochemical staining for Bax and Bcl-2 proteins was negative on the tumor specimen that had this 1-base pair deletion. No mutations were found in the synchronous microsatellite instability-high ovarian endometrioid carcinoma from the same patient. In contrast, four (50%) of the eight microsatellite instability-high sporadic colorectal carcinomas had a mutation in the poly (G) 8 tract. Although Bax plays an important role in carcinogenesis of the colorectum with microsatellite instability-high phenotype, Bax may not play a direct role in the genesis of ovarian endometrioid carcinoma, regardless of microsatellite instability status.
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