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Comparative study of single-injection, single-acquisition 99mTc-MIBI gated SPET and stress-rest perfusion SPET for the evaluation of myocardial viability after bypass surgery in coronary artery disease.

Authors
Yoon, SN; Lee, DS; Chung, JK; Lee, MC
Citation
European journal of nuclear medicine, 27(12):1747-1753, 2000
Journal Title
European journal of nuclear medicine
ISSN
0340-6997
Abstract
In patients without previous myocardial infarction, the single-injection stress perfusion/rest function (SISPRF) approach using stress technetium-99m methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI) gated single-photon emission tomography (SPET) can substitute for conventional stress-rest myocardial perfusion imaging for the assessment of myocardial viability. This study compared pre-operative single-injection, single-acquisition 99mTc-MIBI gated SPET and conventional stress-rest imaging for the prediction of myocardial viability in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). Rest thallium-201 SPET followed by stress 99mTc-MIBI gated SPET was performed in 20 patients [nine with previous myocardial infarction (MI) and 11 without previous MI). The study was performed before and 3 months after CABG, and viability assessment was validated by wall motion improvement after CABG. A four-point scoring system (0-3 for normal to absent tracer uptake) for 17 segments of the left ventricular myocardium was used for the assessment of stress and rest uptake. Wall motion, wall thickening and perfusion status were analysed by semi-quantitative visual assessment. On gated SPET, perfusion defect reversibility was considered present when a definite perfusion defect was observed and wall motion or thickening was normal or showed only a mild decrease. In patients with a previous MI, the left ventricular ejection fraction improved significantly after CABG (46% +/- 7% vs 42% +/- 11% before CABG, P < 0.05). In patients without previous MI, the ejection fraction improved significantly after CABG (50 +/- 12% vs 44% +/- 16% before CABG, P<0.05). In patients with previous MI, positive predictive values using the stress-rest reversibility and SISPRF approaches were 91% and 90%, respectively, and corresponding negative predictive values were 25% and 18%. In patients without previous MI, positive predictive values using the stress-rest and SISPRF approaches were 70% and 61%, respectively, and corresponding negative predictive values were 63% and 14%. It is concluded that SISPRF SPET study is of similar value to conventional stress-rest perfusion study in predicting wall motion improvement in patients with a previous MI, but that it is of limited value in predicting the myocardial viability of patients without previous MI, owing to a lower predictive value.
MeSH terms
Aged*Coronary Artery BypassCoronary CirculationCoronary Disease/pathology/*radionuclide imaging/*surgery*Exercise TestFemaleGated Blood-Pool ImagingHeart/radionuclide imagingHumansImage Interpretation, Computer-AssistedMaleMiddle AgedMyocardial Infarction/radionuclide imagingMyocardium/pathologyPredictive Value of TestsRadiopharmaceuticals/diagnostic useRest/physiologyTechnetium Tc 99m Sestamibi/diagnostic useTomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon
PMID
11189935
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Nuclear Medicine & Molecular Imaging
AJOU Authors
윤, 석남
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