Process extension and intracellular Ca2+ in cultured murine oligodendrocytes
Yoo, AS; Krieger, C; Kim, SU
Brain research, 827(1-2):19-27, 1999
Previous investigations have shown that phorbol esters stimulate process extension in oligodendrocytes (OL), likely by the activation of protein kinase C (PKC). In this report, we demonstrate that treatment of OL with 4beta-phorbol-12, 13-dibutyrate (PDB; 0.1-1 microM) resulted in an increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) from 94+/-2 nM (mean+/-S.E.M.) to 244+/-10 nM. This increase was produced by Ca2+ influx through a La3+-insensitive pathway. Changes in [Ca2+]i were also produced by modifying the extracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]o) where [Ca2+]i was increased by elevations in [Ca2+]o. In parallel experiments we found that increased [Ca2+]o alone, without concurrent phorbol ester application, resulted in increased OL process extension as determined by the percent of OL with long processes (greater than 3 times the cell body diameter). These results demonstrate that increasing [Ca2+]o stimulates OL process outgrowth. Furthermore, both elevations in [Ca2+]o and PDB exposure increase [Ca2+]i, suggesting that some of the effects of phorbol esters on OL process extension are likely mediated by changes in [Ca2+]i.
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.
Total Visit :2,780,274
Total Download :1,134,185
Today View :11
Ajou University Medical Information & Media Center 164 Worldcup-ro Yeongtong-gu Suwon 16499 Korea / TEL : 031-219-5312 / FAX : 031-219-5314 Copyright (c) Ajou University Medical Information & Media Center All Rights Reserved. AJOU Open Repository는 국립중앙도서관 OAK 보급사업으로 구축되었습니다.