OBJECTIVE: Atherosclerosis in patients with type 2 diabetes has been linked to oxidative stress. NADP:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) plays a key role in cellular antioxidant defense. Recent reports suggest that highly expressed and inducible endogenous NQO1 from cardiovascular cells may act as a potential superoxide scavenger. We examined the relationship between the risk of NQO1 C609T polymorphism and carotid artery atherosclerosis in patients with type 2 diabetes.
METHODS: We recruited 601 (Seoul set) and 233 (Koyang set) unrelated patients with type 2 diabetes from independent groups. The C609T variant of NQO1 was genotyped by Taqman RT-PCR. Mean and maximum carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and carotid artery plaques were measured by high-resolution ultrasonography.
RESULTS: Patients with the T allele exhibited a higher prevalence of atherosclerotic plaques than non-T allele carriers in both sets (Seoul set vs. Koyang set, p=0.021, p=0.023, respectively). After adjusting for age, sex, duration of diabetes, systolic blood pressure, body mass index, current smoking, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and HbA1c, subjects with the T allele had a significantly higher risk of carotid artery plaques (Seoul set vs. Koyang set, OR=1.65, p=0.015; OR=2.00, p=0.037, respectively) than subjects with the CC genotype.
CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the C609T polymorphism of NQO1 is associated with carotid artery plaques in type 2 diabetic patients.
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